Chinese Class Observation

My observation object is Chinese 201 on the lesson about travel. The 75-minute class was divided into two sections. In the first section, the instructor did a reviewing warm-up activity on the vocabularies about tourism by having the conversation with the students regarding their travel plans in the summer. In the second section, after providing a hand-out of online flight booking page in both English and Chinese, the instructor gave a brief introduction regarding the process of how to book a plane ticket in China and illustrated the difference of the process in China and America. The instructor suggested that after the class, students should be able to learn the basic vocabularies about traveling and have the abilities to book a plane ticket in a Chinese website and plan other activities related to travel. 

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血盆狱:“女性不洁”在中国宗教中是怎样形成的?

现代中国,一些女性仍旧认为在月经期间参与佛教或者其他仪式是对神灵的污染。这种“女性不洁”的观点在古代中国是如何起源和发展的?月经和孕期的妇女究竟能不能参加宗教仪式?

中国古代,人们普遍认为女性的月经和生产是污秽而禁忌的。汉代成书的《淮南万毕术》建议将死去妇女的月事布在七月七日烧成灰,置于门楣上,以避免鬼魂徘徊不去。唐代,孙思邈在医书《千金要方》中就提出了“妇人月事未绝而与交合,令人成病”。古代中国的医学没有探索女性月经的秘密,而简单地告诉男性,此事不洁,需避之。

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